- Childhood Obesity in Mississippi
- Adulthood - Young Adulthood and Midlife
- Various kinds of religions. Religious beliefs in New Great britain within the 17th Century
- Varying religions. Religious beliefs in New Britain through the 17th Century
- Varying religions. Religion in New Great britain through the entire 17th Century
Topmost-rated essay examples on medical conditions!
- Category: Uncategorised
- Published on Tuesday, 26 April 2016 12:11
- Written by Super User
- Hits: 55
Selected Population Health Issue and the population Affected
Obesity is the current public health problem in many parts of the world. Obesity is defined as the possession of excess weight especially above the recommended limit per particular height. Obesity is a form of an overweight, but one becomes obese after accumulation more than twenty percent weight above the recommended limit. The measure of weight in relation to height is known as BMI (body mass index). A person with a BMI of above thirty is considered Obese (Penman, 2010). In the past years, obesity has been a real health threat to adults only. However, the current trend shows that obesity cases are increasing in the young population hence causing alarm regarding the health of future generations. Obesity is a risk factor for numerous diseases most of which are highly fatal, and others are chronic ailments. Some of the diseases that are predisposed to by obesity include cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, metabolic diseases for instance diabetes and neurological disorders (Penman, 2010). These diseases mostly affect elderly people but due to the increased rate of poor lifestyle and policies, the diseases are also affecting the childhood generation. The trend of obesity in children is increasing in many parts of the world and more pronounced in Mississippi. Mississippi is classified as one of the states that are notorious for the increasing rate of obesity. The major problem in the area is that the obesity has started affecting the young generation particularly the children.
Statistics published on authoritative essay writing service shows that the rate of childhood obesity has been increasing in Mississippi since 2011. The rate of obesity among children aged two to four years in 2011 was 13.9% making Mississippi among the top twenty-five states leading in obesity cases in childhood. In the same year, studies indicated that the same state had 21.7% of obesity cases among children aged ten to seventeen years old (Moore & Bailey, 2013). The country was leading in obesity cases in the United States in the category of children between ten and seventeen years old. In 2013, Mississippi reported 5.4 percent of high schools children with obesity making it be ranked among top seven countries with high rate of obesity in the United States (Moore & Bailey, 2013). Moreover, the studies show that the rate of diseases attributed to obesity that is rising steadily in Mississippi every year. In 2014, the rate of diabetes cases ascribed to obesity had reached thirteen percent while hypertension cases linked to obesity had reached as high as 40.2 percent.
Summary of the Advocacy Programs in this Area
Various advocacy programs have been formulated and implemented in Mississippi in relation to increasing rates of obesity among the children. One of the advocacy program started in Mississippi involved increasing awareness of the problem to the public (Moore & Bailey, 2013). The program also informed the public about the risk of being obese and overweight. The program focused on making the public aware of the serious repercussions associated with obesity and overweight. The intention was to encourage the public to shun from all activities that increase the rate of obesity among the children. The program was very successful as the percent of people with adequate information on the risks of obesity increased enormously.
Another program launched in Mississippi was aimed at encouraging the public and especially the parents to choose a healthy lifestyle that included that reduced the rate of obesity among the children (Amis, Wright, Dyson, Vardaman, & Ferry, 2012). The advocacy program was performed through the use of various means. The most used campaigning strategy was social media as well as the mass media. The program was successful as well as most people reported to engage in the encouraged activities such physical exercises and modification of the diet. A different campaign encouraged the consumption of fruits and green vegetables at least two times daily to help reduce the increasing cases of obesity. The program succeeded in increasing the rate of consumption of fruits, but the cases of obesity did not show significant change.
Attributes that made the Programs Effective
The programs were made effective by nature in which the campaigns were conducted. All the programs are involved prominent people for instance health activist and other lobbyist personnel. The programs involved all the agencies and the organizations regulating chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes among others. The campaigns were particularly funded by the organizations regulating chronic disease an approach that made the campaigns easier. Moreover, the campaigns involved the ministry of health as the main objectives of the campaigns were to protect public health by eliminating most risk factors.
Health Advocacy Campaign Plan
The health advocacy campaign to regulate the escalating cases of obesity in children will be enhanced by encouraging formulation and implementation of new policy to prevent new cases of obesity among the children and reduce the current number of children affected by obesity. The campaign will be focused on encouraging the legislators to pass laws that will facilitate prevention of cancer cases. The legislators will be made to enforce laws that prohibit consumption of junk as well as fast food in all the schools. Moreover, the policy should enforce inclusion of over 90-minute physical activity every day in all the high schools. Consequently, the schools should provide enough fruits and vegetables to the students and set aside at least three fruit and vegetables eating sessions per day. The policy should also force parents to reduce the number of hours spent by the children watching TVs and playing computer games. Therefore, all the proposed regulations will lAY under one policy titled eliminating obesity in children.
Description of the Public Health Problem and the Proposed Policy
The proposed policy is composed of several components all of which are aimed at eliminating the level of obesity in Children. Introducing compulsory prolonged exercise session, banning of all junk and fast foods in schools will facilitate healthy lifestyles in the Mississippi kids. The campaign also focuses on encouraging mandatory fruit and vegetable consumption in Mississippi schools to boost the health of the children by fighting obesity. All these activities will prevent accumulation of fats leading to obesity among the children in Mississippi. Children tend to become obese due to consumption of unhealthy foods, lack of exercise and inadequate meals that fight various oxidative processes in the body.
Specific Objective of the Policy
The objectives of the campaign will include lowering the cases of obesity among the children in Mississippi by fifty percent every year. The objective will be attained by ensuring the new policy encompassing various components is passed by legislators in Mississippi. Increased physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption and lowered consumption of junk foods will lead to the accomplishment of the objective of the program. Reduction of time spent watching movies and playing computer games will also facilitate the realization of the set objective.
Means of Conveying Information to Stakeholders
The stakeholders in the campaign to formulate a public health protection policy includes various personnel in the ministry of health, policymakers or the legislators as well as the various advocates and lobbyist (Loomis, Francia, & Strolovitch, 2012). Depending on the position held by a specific stakeholder, different means of communication will be used. These include the use of emails, phone calls, official typed letters, as well as sending representatives to the offices of the key stakeholders. Other methods of conveying information include the use of mass and social media. Tradition forms of media such as Radio and TVs can be used to send important messages to various departments of the stakeholders.
Methods of establishing Support for the Policy
There are various methods of influencing policymakers and winning their support for the formulation of new public health policy. These includes sending delegations to convince the policymakers using evidence in the form of statistics and effects of the issue on the country’s economy. Another method of convincing the policymakers is by use of peaceful demonstrations to indicate the extent of the public demand for the new policy (Hrebenar & Morgan, 2014). Use of artistic designs and images showing obese children and consequences of the problem as advertisements in the TV channels can help in influencing the decision of the policymakers.
Creation of New Legislation
The best approach to enhancing the policy proposed is to create new legislation or regulation. Creating new laws is the best approach to ensure the proposed policy is formulated and implemented with minimal resistance. Use of existing regulations faces several drawbacks. The main disadvantage is that there are very few laws and regulations that are implemented to regulate the cases of obesity in children in Mississippi. A few of the enacted rules in Mississippi focus on the overall health improvement in the area without special attention to the specific issues affecting childhood. Moreover, the existing laws that regulate nutrition and lifestyles are general and not aimed at obesity per se. Therefore, enacting new regulations to support the proposed policy will be the best way to achieving the set objectives. It is worth noting that the proposed policy aims at eliminating obesity among the children aged between below eighteen years. Due to the broad sense of the measures of halt the upsurge of more obesity cases in children in Mississippi, the policy suggested consists of several components or laws. One of the laws in the policy is to ban all junk and fast foods in high schools as they are a contributing factor to increased rate of obesity in children. The other new law that should be passed as part of the proposed policy is the introduction of at least three sessions of fruit-eating sessions in schools. Moreover, the government will ensure the period of physical exercises is prolonged in schools to encourage fat burning among the children. The other new law that is a component of the proposed policy is to ensure parents prevent their children from watching TVs and playing video games. Parents should be informed that it is against the law to allow children to sit idly and play video games all day.
Impact of the Existing Laws and Regulation on the Advocacy Efforts
The existing rule and regulations will be a boost to the advocacy efforts on one side and a negative effect on the other perspective. The fact is that the existing laws have enhanced control of several diseases such as cancer and respiratory disease. These rules include the control of consumption of tobacco and other allergens triggering respiratory disorders such as asthma, COPD, Bronchitis, Cancer and many others. Therefore, the success of such laws will facilitate the advocacy and implementation of the current policy. On the other hand, the fact that there have been such campaigns and policies in the past that failed to show any significance changes in the level of obesity in Mississippi may be a shortcoming in the current advocacy efforts.
Analysis of the Methods to influence Legislators
Three legs of Lobbying
To effect centrality sway on administrators to bolster the advocacy, the campaigning three legs technique is the most suitable. One leg of the stool is known as the capitol leg. It alludes to everything that happens where the laws are made and amended. It can be a city committee, the state law-making body or even the U.S Congress (Hrebenar & Morgan, 2014). In these law making territories, one can meet and hold meetings with the policymakers. In an attempt to convince the lawmakers, an advocate has to present credible figures and statistics that show the significance of the issue at hand. Therefore, the first leg encompasses influencing law making the process at the capitol.
The second leg that can be utilized to influence the lawmakers is known as the grassroots or group phase. The leg alludes to everything that happens at the community level (Hrebenar & Morgan, 2014). In the grassroots, the essential exercises are public education and supporting various discussion forums. The activist will apply the mobile phone and help other people to build a phone tree. Soon after dedicated group meetings the promoter of the policy can set up a "take five tables" where people create messages about real issues within a duration of about five minutes and sending them to the legislators. A lobbyist connects with people and explains the details of the currents situation regarding various problems such as obesity in children. The promoters of the policy grab all available opportunities to motivate and educate the public about the proposed laws and regulations as well as the expected benefits if the laws are passed.
The third leg of campaigning is known as the media and alludes to anything done to spread the message to a large number of individuals as plausible (Loomis et al., 2012). It incorporates techniques, for example, customary media like radio, daily paper and TVs. The third leg includes the utilization of cutting edge means such social networking that comprises of Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, online discussions and other web pages. The leg is helpful in light of three reasons. One of the reasons is that the legislators pay sufficient consideration on all media information either conventional or non-customary. The other reason is the need to achieve a greater number of individuals than the ones persuaded in the second leg. The third reason is that an advocate needs to deliberately counter the misleading and unclear information in the media by providing the facts about the intentions of the policy (Loomis et al., 2012).
Summary of the Obstacles Anticipated and the Solutions
Some of the problems expected include political resistance, especially from the opposition parties. Moreover, there could be a lack of political will in enacting the laws. The best way to solve the political barrier is to interact with the most influential politicians particularly from the majority party. The other possible challenge includes the insufficient resources such as money and time. Lack of enough funds can be solved by creating ties with humanitarian groups, well-wisher alongside the financially stable non-governmental organizations.
Ethical Dilemmas during the Advocacy Campaign and the Solutions
Ethics is a term that describes the boundary between wrong and right. In the contemporary society, there is no clear distinction between the wrong and the right. Quite often, what seems to be morally upright turns out to be offensive to a particular group of people (Loomis et al., 2012). Therefore, ethical dilemma refers to a situation of whereby one’s actions may be based on good intentions but the actions can be infringing other people rights. In the advocacy campaign postulated in herein, the intentions are purely focused on promoting public health. However, the some people may view the intentions of the advocacy campaign from a different perspective that was not one of the intended outcomes. Several of proposed laws in connection with the policy aimed at eliminating obesity among the children in Mississippi may face ethical dilemmas. One of the laws states that parents should restrict their parents from excessive playing of computer games as well as long hours of watching TVs. Ethically, some parents may feel that the law is against their rights and term the move as offensive and unnecessary. On the other hand, the policy also proposes that mandatory fruit eating sessions should be introduced in all schools attended by children aged seventeen years and below. The policy may be rejected by school managements on the basis of financial constraints and interruption of learning the curriculum. Moreover, the school administrators may express dissatisfaction with the new policy claiming that such regulations should be voluntary and not imposed on the people (Hrebenar & Morgan, 2014). These two ethical dilemmas should be solved by conducting efficient education to both the parents and the teachers. Education to these two groups should focus on the importance of the proposed policy and its accompanying rules and regulations.
Ethical Laws and Reporting Requirements Applicable to the Advocacy Campaign
Principles of ethics state that a person should not intentionally perform an act that may directly or indirectly harm another person. Therefore, the advocacy campaign may appear to be contradicting with the constitutional rights of the children. In such a scenario, the policy makers advice the advocates of the policy accordingly as well as stipulating forums to advise the public as well. However, in the current policy of eliminating obesity in Mississippi, it is also constitutionally stipulated that the children should be protected from health risk factors, and obesity is one of the risks.
Evaluation of Special Ethical Challenges Unique to the Childhood
There is a special ethical consideration in relation to children especially in matters concerning food consumption, health, growth, and education. Children are in the stage where growth and development occur rapidly. Hence, proper consideration should be taken when banning some forms of food from schools. Nonetheless, the issue is well catered for in the advocacy program. Although the advocacy program encourages shunning fast and junk foods, it ensures that fruit, vegetables and intake of other health foodstuffs is increased proportionally. Consequently, there will be no nutritional deficiencies will occur in the children diets.
- Category: Uncategorised
- Published on Monday, 25 April 2016 13:54
- Written by Super User
- Hits: 56
Steve Jobs, a renowned corporate executive, computer designer, and co-founder of Apple Computers, devoted his life for the betterment of the technology. In 1970s, when he was at his early twenties, he was able to launch one of the biggest business firms of the history. He is one of the decorated, energetic, and inventive minds in the United States of America and the whole world. The decision to become a technologist traces its roots back to his early childhood. He decided to build a career in the world of technology, which is reflected in his later life. Steve Jobs’ life is a clear illustration of the struggle in the development of an individual. He was abandoned in his childhood and reared in the house of his foster parents (Isaacson, 2011).
Jobs’ career and later life decisions are largely attributable to his family life and his parents. His perception and view about the world was largely shaped by his fate; he has to face difficulties and challenges while being adopted and grown up in the house of foster parents (Isaacson, 2011). He watched his father to do his own work, which made him self-dependent and self-sufficient. He learnt a lot of life lessons from his father, which helped him develop as a liberal, highly motivated, thoughtful, and innovative individual that impacted his later life as well as his contributions to the whole world (Paranjpe, 2012).
Steve Jobs started pursing his dream at his young stage of life. He started gaining education and experiences pertinent to machineries, technologies, and business. He always preferred alternative thinking and innovative attitudes over traditional frame of mind. He had a gifted mind and unparalleled courage to try new and different things (online essay writing service).
Paul Jobs, his foster father, was a mechanic who loved fixing cars. Steve Jobs adored his work and skills, which influenced his choice to work as a mechanist (Isaacson, 2011). When Jobs’ family moved to an area in California, where electronic manufacturing was growing at a very fast pace and the locality was enjoying the blessing of technology, his interest in gadgetry and electronics augmented. Consequently, Jobs lost interest in group activities; he started working independently. The choices that individuals make at teenage life greatly influence their adult life. Likewise, Jobs’ perception and understanding of life has shaped his future of being a world renowned technologist (Paranjpe, 2012).
As a step to fulfil his interest in electronics and technology, Jobs enrolled himself to an electronic club namely Hewlett-Packard Explorer to learn about electronic. In this institution, he had firsthand experience with the engineers working on the new products, which encouraged him further about the technology. At twelve years of age, he had the opportunity to come in contact with a computer, which really impressed him and invoked his desire to work as a computer expert. As a result, Jobs developed a strong urge to learn more about computers and electronics. After high schools, he went to study technology at Homebrew Computer Club, which made him drop his college. Jobs courage and dedication to pursue his dream had enabled him to take this major step and learn what he likes to do (Isaacson, 2011).
According to Erickson’s principle, parents play a significant and crucial role in the development and success of a child. Similarly, child’s success implicates similar adjustments on parents’ lives. It is obvious that the life of Steve Jobs has significantly been influenced by his parents’ life. Conversely, Steve Jobs’ character and presence significantly contributed to his parents’ life (Boeree, 2006). Every individual’s career and future development mostly depend on their middle life growth. Jobs developed and mastered the desire to grow big and leave behind legacies that will be remembered by the generation to come. He paid much attention to personal skills than physical strength (Isaacson, 2011). It is obvious that mental strength is far more important than physical strength in helping individual shape career. Individuals who are psychologically strong tend to make firm decisions in life, and they do not easily give up to challenges that can derail them from pursuing their dreams.
Jobs life did not put much interest in sexual life and human relationships. He rather focused on developing his career than social life. After dropping out of school, Jobs made a team with Wozniaks, his childhood friend to build the foundation of Apple. Between his twenty and thirty years of age, Steve Jobs involved in the development of the business named Apple. His passion for mechanic works help him redesign a computer with the assistance of Wozniak (Boeree, 2006). Jobs’ had little place for sexuality in his life; he kept it outside his focus. Consequently, he did not develop much of a relationships with girls. However, he did fall in love with a single girl and married her and lived the rest of his life with her. It is unlike common people; common people’s midlife is often compounded by high sexual enlightenment and activities; most young people find joy in exploring their sexual prowess and even procreate at this stage (Boeree, 2006).
Jobs mental flexibility can be realized from his travel to India to study Asian religion. Motional suppleness facilities transformation of emotive investment between people and their activities (Isaacson, 2011). The predisposed mind that was greatly obsessed with his occupation did not let him flourish his ego during his 20s and 30s. Persons who are deeply in love with their work and roles, have little time to develop self-centeredness. They invest much of their time thinking on what to invent or how to make their work skills better and careers more advanced than to focus on their self-esteem (Willems, 1990).
According to Erickson, emotional flexibility did give Jobs a better chance to deal with challenges in the life such as the relocation of his family and travelling abroad. His social life also brought many challenges to him but he could face them with serenity and calmness. However, his rigid stand on the profession of choice and personal dreams maintained him on the path to success as an electronic expert. It is common for a person to be greatly predisposed by emotions during midlife development. The surge of emotions can greatly be countered by a passion or a dream to pursue for (Boeree, 2006).
Jobs’ success in the business and technology industry was mostly attributable to his mental stability and concentration that helped him pursue his dream without any interruption. Innovativeness demands new ideas. The redesigning of the company with his partner Wozniak is a demonstration of his capability. He did not take a rigid stand on matters that needed flexibility. In the middle stages of development, individuals tend to be more inflexible than later life. However, he had a rigid mental phase over the perception of work doing all his work by hand independently. Jobs did not pursue the kind of lifestyle that encouraged dependency syndrome; he believes in self-driven solutions throughout his 20s and 30s (Vaillant, 2012).
During middle stage development of life, it is imperative for the young person to explore the world and find opportunities as well as discover himself. Jobs did exactly that by demonstrating mental flexibility, which saw him travel abroad as well as try his hands on mechanic work (Boeree, 2006). Consequently, he mastered the self-confidence and skills necessary to propel him to the echelons of success as a technologist and business person. The ability to freely choose what is good and wrong during the midlife is critical in defining the success of an individual. The challenges the individuals go through at this stage are numerous and complex. However, Jobs managed to work diligently for what mattered a lot to his life.
According to Boeree, there are critical stages in the development where fixed tasks and stages have to be negotiated (Boeree, 2006). Widening social radius results in individuals’ developing an expanding figure of relationships in life. The relationships start from the social background, parents, family, neighbors, schoolmates, peers, as well as partners. Consequently, it happens in love and friendship and later expands to wider social circles. These cycles of psychological crises as well as significant relational issues arise as soon as an individual develops a broader radius of social interaction (Hamachek, 1988).
According to the adulthood theory by Erickson, personality will develop a preset readiness that aims at relating to a larger social radius. This process starts with a very blurred image of a mother and eventually comes to an end to humanity. A healthy personality begins at infancy when a child is given a reasonable amount of guidance, trained to obey inner development laws as well as succession laws that make him do significant interactions with individuals within his middle stage of life (Boeree, 2006). Moreover, it is different from other views whereby some research has found some predetermined stages in social as well as emotional development.
Hamachek argues that adult development is an ongoing process. These sequences of steps enables adults to achieve maturity and contribute in life in a wider social radius. Jobs did not indulge himself much in sexual adventure and socialization. He focused much on developing his career. He was involved in activities that an individual usually participate during the adult stage of development to shape the social life. Jobs did not pay much attention to developing and maintaining the social relationship, hence he faced difficulties in marriage (Hamachek, 1998).
When an individual comes to age, more freedom emerges. Older individuals can enjoy more freedom by saying and doing exactly what they want to without any obstacles or barriers. Senior members of the society contain wisdom. Jobs interacted with various people, which included the teachers, parents, technocrats, and women in the social circle. He learned a lot from these groups as well as from his father, the engineers, and mechanics. They were of great influence over his career choice and development.
The social development of an individual’s life may be seen through various stages of social development, especially through the lenses of wider social engagement. Various issues had to be solved at each phase. Early years of an individual’s life are characterized by trust versus mistrust while adolescent and adult stages are characterized by autonomy versus shame. From 20 to 30 years, the stage is typically related to the feelings of guiltiness versus courage. This progression of life can be used to train successive generations to maintain integrity (Boeree, 2006).
Keeping our focus on the psychosocial development of an individual, it is suggested that the development course has the combination of the sensory, cognitive capacity and motor growth in such a manner that an individual becomes aware of and is driven towards a wider social radius (Hamachek, 1988). Moreover, personality growth develops from societally established customs that individuals are supposed to interact with the broader social radius. It is noted that behavior and experience of a person are determined by social and biological forces. Jobs social growth was largely shaped by the individuals he interacted with in his career development and business life.
- Category: Several Different Religions
- Published on Wednesday, 03 June 2015 10:41
- Written by Super User
- Hits: 510
Planet observe refers to the elementary mental dilemma of environment or unique surrounding the over-all environment or those people know how and concentration of point of view. Business display is made up of equipment similar to all-natural beliefs, the fundamental,values and themes, and existential, ethical, emotions and normative postulates. Life watch often is termed as a framework of ideas and beliefs that online form a overview in which persons, groupings or society wrist watches, and interprets the globe and precisely how those people associations interacts while using arena.
- Category: Distinctive Religions Essay Writing Tips
- Published on Thursday, 14 May 2015 21:25
- Written by Super User
- Hits: 535
Global watch refers to the primary intellectual circumstances of our society or specific surrounding the the complete modern society or citizens fully grasp how and focus of perspective. Scene look at consists of pieces for example , herbal vision, the fundamental,themes and values, and ethical, emotions, existential and normative postulates. Country explore usually are generally known as a platform of beliefs and ideas that application form a profile in which consumers, categories or customs designer watches, and interprets everything and the way those people groupings interacts from the marketplace.